ASTINO - Linificio e Canapificio Nazionale
Valle d’Astino, photo credits A.Iezzi
ASTINO BRINGS THE CULTIVATION OF LINEN BACK TO ITALY
Parco dei Colli, in collaboration with the Italian company Linificio e Canapificio Nazionale S.r.l Società Benefit, European leader in flax and hemp spinning, from 2018 brings back the traditional flax culture absent in the Bergamo valleys since the beginning of the last century.
The experimentation started in Astino has made it possible to expand the Italian territories currently dedicated to linen cultivation.
BETWEEN HISTORY AND FUTURE
Linum Usitatissimum is one of the oldest textile crops in the history of mankind. Some findings, in fact, traced it back to 36,000 BC.
The yarn that comes from it, noble par excellence, has been used for centuries to dress queens and priests, to make sheets with unequal freshness, to dress chairs and furniture of high quality, for the canvas of the painters and the sails of boats like those of the Amerigo Vespucci training ship.
Nowadays, it has also been included in more technical sectors such as sports, automotive, aerospace and food packaging.
Modern and trendy, elegant, colorful and innovative, and at the same time ecological, but above all European: this is the fabric of linen textile.
AN ANCIENT AND VIRTUOUS CYCLE
A hundred days after sowing, in June, the flax blooms turning the fields into blue-sky stretches. The flowers become capsules and the seeds ripen inside them. This passage marks the time of maturation. The flax is pulled up, and the stems placed on the ground for the retting phase.
With traditional but updated industrial processes, the fibers are first transformed into combed tape and then, into yarn. On the basis of the fineness of the linen yarn obtained, coarser or high-quality fabrics are woven. Thanks to its extraordinary versatility, linen is now used in clothing, upholstery, home furnishings or for more technical applications.
The qualities that distinguish linen and make it one of the most popular fibers:
• resistance: linen is a very resistant fiber
• thermoregulation: linen gives freshness and keep the body temperature constant
• perspiration: this fabric optimally absorb moisture and at the same time allow the skin to breathe. In the end, it is hypoallergenic therefore excellent for the most delicate skin.
LINEN SUSTAINABLE BY NATURE
Linen is a fiber of extreme beauty and sustainable nobility. A natural, ecological, recyclable and biodegradable fiber, whose cultivation helps to regenerate the soil and needs just rainwater and dew to grow.
Moreover, it does not produce any waste or pollution, as pesticides are not used. During its transformation process the by-products are used as secondary raw material for different textile products. Instead, from the seeds is produced an oil used exclusively in the production of dyes, paints and linoleum.
Above all, linen is a proximity fiber. From cultivation to fabric, all the players in the European supply chain, especially Italians, keep a heritage of know-how that derives from a tradition that has been handed down over the centuries.
1 he generates
1,000 kg linen fiber for wet spinning
and with the fiber produced: 15,000 km yarn
with which to weave: 4,000 m² fabric
Thanks to its excellence it can be used in the clothing, upholstery, home furnishing industry and in many more business.